Nearsightedness, also known as myopia, is a common vision problem that affects many people worldwide. It occurs when the eye’s shape causes light to focus in front of the retina instead of on it, resulting in blurred distance vision. The good news is that there are various ways to fix nearsightedness, ranging from simple lifestyle changes to more advanced medical procedures. If this is something that you’re interested in learning more about, here’s everything you need to know about fixing nearsightedness.
Lifestyle changes are the first line of defense against nearsightedness. These changes are easy to implement and can help prevent the progression of myopia. Here are some of the lifestyle changes that can help:
1. Spend More Time Outdoors
Studies have shown that spending more time outside can help prevent the onset of nearsightedness in children and adolescents. The exact mechanism behind this is not yet clear, but it may have to do with exposure to natural light and the way the eye focuses on distant objects.
2. Take Frequent Breaks
If you work on a computer or spend a lot of time reading, taking frequent breaks can help reduce eye strain and prevent the progression of nearsightedness. The American Optometric Association recommends taking a 15-minute break for every two hours of screen time.
3. Practice Good Posture
Poor posture can contribute to eye strain, which can worsen nearsightedness. Make sure to sit up straight and keep your computer or reading material at an appropriate distance from your eyes.
Corrective lenses are a common way to fix nearsightedness. They work by adjusting the way light enters the eye, allowing it to focus correctly on the retina. Here are some of the most common types of corrective lenses:
Glasses are the most common type of corrective lens for nearsightedness. They are easy to use and come in a wide variety of styles and designs. However, they can be inconvenient for some activities, such as sports.
2. Contact Lenses
Contact lenses are another popular option for correcting nearsightedness. They are more discreet than glasses and don’t fog up in cold weather. However, they require more maintenance than glasses and can be uncomfortable for some people.
For severe cases of nearsightedness, surgical procedures may be necessary. These procedures are typically reserved for cases where other treatments have failed or are not appropriate. Here are some of the most common surgical procedures for nearsightedness:
LASIK is a type of refractive surgery that uses a laser to reshape the cornea, allowing light to focus correctly on the retina. It is a popular option for correcting nearsightedness and has a high success rate. However, it is a more invasive procedure than other treatments and can have some side effects.
2. Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK)
PRK is another type of refractive surgery that uses a laser to reshape the cornea. It is similar to LASIK but involves removing the outer layer of the cornea before reshaping it. It is a good option for people who are not eligible for LASIK.
Prevention is the best way to avoid nearsightedness altogether. Here are some tips for preventing nearsightedness:
1. Get Regular Eye Exams
Regular eye exams can help catch nearsightedness early and prevent it from getting worse. The American Optometric Association recommends getting an eye exam every two years if you are under 60 and every year if you are over 60.
2. Limit Screen Time
Excessive screen time has been linked to an increased risk of nearsightedness. Make sure to take frequent breaks and limit your overall screen time, especially before bed.
3. Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help prevent nearsightedness. This includes eating a healthy diet, getting enough sleep, and exercising regularly.
By implementing the tips in this article, you can prevent nearsightedness from getting worse and maintain healthy eyesight for years to come. Remember to get regular eye exams and consult with your optometrist or ophthalmologist if you have any concerns about your vision.
Do you need LASIK eye surgery in Fenton? Our optometry clinic in Fenton can serve as your primary eye care provider for a wide range of issues and procedures, from routine eye exams to speciality contacts and eye disease treatment. For any questions, contact us today!